“The Relationship between knowledge, attitude and practice for Dengue Hemorrhagic fever disease prevention among the Villagers of Moo 1 Baanklongsai, Nhongyangsue Subdistrict, Muaklek District, Saraburi Province”

Supatcharee Makornkan, Pornpan Saminpanya, Ampaiwan Toomsan, Poomarin Intachai, Panipha Saengproa, Daramas Marerngsit

Abstract


This research aims to identify the relationship between knowledge, attitude and practice for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) disease prevention among the villagers of Moo 1 Ban Klongsai, Nongyangsua Subdistrict, Muaklek District, Saraburi Province. 198 samples/ respondents were purposively selected from 406 villagers. Three questionnaires were created by the researcher, approved by 3 experts for content validity and tested the questionnaire on 30 villagers of Moo 14, Ban Panghuachang, Nongyangsua Subdistrict, Muaklek District, Saraburi Province. The first questionnaire, leave out knowledge about Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, was tested for reliability of KR-20, giving the result of 0.73. The second and third questionnaires, attitude about DHF and practice on DHF prevention, respectively, were tested for reliability by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, giving the values of 0.79 and 0.75 respectively. Descriptive statistics, %, , S.D. and r were employed for data analysis. General demographic data of the respondents include 1) 58.1% were female; 2) average age was 49 years old; 3) 80.8% were married; 4) 56.1% finished elementary school; 5) 43.4% were farmers and 6) average income was 58,288 Baht/month.The results showed that most respondents, 50.5%, had a high level of knowledge regarding DHF, of this, 55.6% understood that DHF was caused by a mosquito bite, 47.5% could relate the life cycle of the AE mosquito and 68.2% could relate the transmission risk of DHF. However, their knowledge of DHF prevention and protection was at a moderate level. Most of them,
82.8%, had positive of attitude about DHF. 95.5% of this group understood prevention of DHF and 75.3% understood both prevention and control. Both knowledge and attitude of respondents were positively related and statistical significant to practice for DHF disease prevention with the level of 0.05 (r = 0.283, p = <0.001, r = 0.160, p = 0.025, respectively). Recommendation on improving the knowledge and attitude of the DHF to the community would result in better practice for DHF disease prevention.

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