https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/issue/feed Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan 2020-07-30T08:17:48+07:00 Samuel M. Simanjuntak, MSN., Ph.D smsimanjuntak@unai.edu Open Journal Systems <p>Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan merupakan jurnal nasional ber-ISSN yang menjadi sarana publikasi ilmiah bagi dosen dan para peneliti dari berbagai Institusi. Artikel yang dipublikasikan dalam jurnal ini merupakan hasil penelitian pada bidang ilmu Keperawatan dan mencakup sub-sub bidang ilmu Keperawatan. Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan diterbitkan secara elektronik yang dapat diakses online, namun memiliki versi cetak yang disediakan dalam jumlah terbatas sesuai dengan kebutuhan. Penerbitan jurnal ini dikelola oleh Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Advent Indonesia yang diterbitkan dua kali dalam satu tahun, yaitu Januari-Juni dan Juli-Desember.</p> <p>Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan pertama kali beroperasi pada bulan Januari 2015 dan dipublikasikan pada bulan Juni 2015.</p> https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2231 HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP PERAWAT TENTANG PERAWATAN PALIATIF DI RUMAH SAKIT ADVENT BANDUNG 2020-07-30T08:12:22+07:00 Mori Peranginangin mori.peranginangin@unai.edu <p><strong>ABSTRAK</strong></p> <p>Data WHO menunjukkan bahwa 86% penderita yang membutuhkan perawatan paliatif belum menerimanya, dan salah satu penyebabnya adalah kurangnya pengetahuan dan ketrampilan tenaga kesehatan tentang perawatan paliatif. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap perawat terhadap perawatan paliatif, serta mencari tahu apakah terdapat hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap perawat terhadap perawatan paliatif. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif korelasi dengan menggunakan tehnik sampel<em> convinencel </em>yang berjumlah 99 perawat yang bekerja di Rumah Sakit Advent Bandung. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada bulan Oktober - November 2019. Untuk mengukur tingkat pengetahuan digunakan kuesioner <em>The Palliative Care Quiz for Nursing</em> (PCQN), sedangkan untuk mengukur sikap digunakan kuesioner <em>Frommelt’s Attitude Toward Care of the Dying</em> (FATCOD) <em>scale</em>. Hasil menunjukan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan perawat terhadap perawatan paliatif dalam kategori rendah, sedangkan sikap perawat terhadap perawatan paliatif dalam kategori sedang. Hasil uji &nbsp;<em>Spearman rho</em> menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dan sikap perawat dengan&nbsp; nilai p &gt; 0,05. Kesimpulannya adalah walaupun tingkat pengetahuan perawat masih rendah namun sikap yang ditunjukkan dalam kategori sedang. Oleh karena itu penulis menyarankan agar perawat diberikan pelatihan tentang perawatan paliatif agar dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan perawat.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Kata kunci : Perawatan paliatif, Pengetahuan, Sikap</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>ABSTRACT</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>WHO data shows that 86% of the patients that needed palliative care have not received it properly, and one of the causes is the health workers have lack of knowledge and skill about the palliative care. The purpose of this study is determine the nurses’ level of knowledge and their attitudes towards the palliative care and to find out whether there is relationship between the nurses’ level of knowledge and their attitudes. The research methodology used in this study is descriptive correlation and convenience sample technique is used, with 99 nurses at Rumah Sakit Advent Bandung as the samples. The data collection was conducted from October to November 2019. To determine the knowledge of the nurses, the Palliative Care Quiz for Nursing (PCQN) questionnaire was used and the Frommelt’s Attitude Toward Care of the Dying (FATCOD) questionnaire was used to measure the nurses’ attitude. The result of this study showed that the level of the nurses’ knowledge toward the palliative care was in the moderate category. The Spearman rho test result indicated that there was no significant relationship between nurses’ knowledge and their attitudes with the p value &gt; 0.05. The conclusion of this study is although the nurses’ knowledge level is still low, the attitude level is on moderate category. Therefore, the author has suggested that the nurses need to have palliative care training in order to enhance their knowledge regarding the palliative care.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Palliative care, Knowledge, Attitude</em></p> 2020-06-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Mori Peranginangin https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2319 KUALITAS HIDUP PADA PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK (GGK) DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KARYAWANGI KECAMATAN PARONGPONG KABUPATEN BANDUNG BARAT 2020-07-30T08:13:29+07:00 Nurhayati Siagian nurhayati.siagian@unai.edu <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>The number of people with CKD is very large and tends to increase from year to year (Bayhakki &amp; Hasneli, 2017). One of the treatment options for CKD is hemodialysis (HD). Clinical manifestations arising from the disease process of CKD and HD are very uncomfortable which can have an impact on the quality of life of patients with CKD. This study aims to determine the quality of life in patients with CKD and its aspects, namely: physical, social, environmental and psychological in the work area of ​​Karyawangi Public Health Center, Parongpong Sub-District, West Bandung District. The research design used is descriptive quantitative analytic / correlational analysis. The population was CKD patients in the work area of ​​the Karyawangi Public Health Center with a sample of 19 people through purposive sampling technique. The instrument used in this study was adopted from THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION QUALITY OF LIFE (WHOQOL) -BREF with 24 questions. Data analysis was performed to determine the quality of life of patients with CKD with a percentage formula with a Likert scale. The results showed that the quality of life of CKD patients was generally quite / mediocre. Likewise from physical, social, environmental and psychological aspects, the interpretation of QoL patients' quality of life is quite / mediocre. This research is expected to provide information on how to describe the quality of life of CKD patients and improve every aspect that affects the quality of life of patients.</p> <p>Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Quality of Life</p> 2020-06-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nurhayati Siagian https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2321 HUBUNGAN LAMA HEMODIALISA DENGAN STATUS NUTRISI PADA PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK DI RUANG HEMODIALISA 2020-07-30T08:14:48+07:00 Dewi Ratnasari ratna.rs9898@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Introduction: </em></strong><em>Chronic Kidney Disease is a deterioration of kidney function that occurs for 3 months or more. Gastrointestinal disorders such as nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite can change their nutritional status. Nutritional status assessment is a major component in evaluating and managing patients. <strong>Purpose: </strong>This research aimed to discover the correlation of the duration of hemodialysis and the nutritional status of patients with Chronic Kidney Disease<strong>. Method : </strong>This was a quantitative research with an analytic observational design and a cross-sectional approach. The test used in this study was the Chi-Square test. Sample using an accidental sampling method. <strong>Results: </strong>This study obtained the highest value on normal nutritional status with HD duration &gt; 12 months,&nbsp; this was caused the person who has undergone hemodialysis for long duration has become accustomed to gastrointestinal disorders, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.&nbsp; The longer duration for people undergo hemodialysis, the more hemodialysis provides opportunities for patients to be more adaptive to the therapeutic program that they are undergoing. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> P-value 0,221 (p&gt;0,05). It means that there was no significant correlation between the duration of hemodialysis and patients' nutritional status.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><em><strong>Keywords:</strong> Chronic Kidney Disease, duration of hemodialysis, nutritional status</em></p> 2020-07-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Dewi Ratnasari https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2251 GAMBARAN SESEORANG YANG BERCERAI DI KOTA BANDUNG 2020-07-30T08:16:42+07:00 Andria Pragholapati andria.pragholapati@gmail.com <p><em>This research is motivated by the high divorce rate in Indonesia. Divorce has been linked to an increased risk of disability, mental health problems, decreased physical health, and mortality. This study uses a descriptive quantitative research design. 52 respondents were selected as respondents using non probability sampling with consecutive sampling. Data taken using a questionnaire.</em> <em>The results showed that most were aged 21-40 years, female, had children, had jobs as private employees, had a high school / vocational education level, and all were persons who were divorced.</em></p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Andria Pragholapati https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2259 HUBUNGAN ANTARA KEPRIBADIAN HARDINESS DENGAN OPTIMISME MASA DEPAN PADA MAHASISWA PROFESI NERS DI UNIVERSITAS KLABAT 2020-07-30T08:17:48+07:00 James Richard Maramis jmaramis@unklab.ac.id Juliana Claudia Cong s21510004@student.unklab.ac.id <p><img src="/public/site/images/juliana_cong22/Screenshot_2020-04-14-21-01-09-962.png"></p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Juliana Claudia Cong https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2248 HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT PASIEN HIPERTENSI 2020-07-30T08:07:13+07:00 I Gede Purnawinadi purnawinadi87@unklab.ac.id Irene Jessica Lintang irenelintang6@gmail.com <p><strong><em>ABSTRACT</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Introduction:</em></strong><em> Hypertension requires lifelong treatment. One influence of the successful treatment of hypertensive patients is adherence to taking drugs through family support roles. <strong>Purpose:</strong> This study identified the relationship between family support and adherence to taking medication for hypertensive patients at the Airmadidi Health Center in North Minahasa Regency. <strong>Method:</strong> This study was an observational analytic with cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling with a sample of 127 respondents diagnosed with hypertension. <strong>Results:</strong> Dominant family support (84.3%) was included in the low category, and dominant medication adherence (65.4%) was included in the low category. There is a significant relationship between family support and medication adherence to hypertensive patients (p value 0.016), but the correlation coefficient is weak (r = -0.213) with a negative relationship direction. <strong>Discussion:</strong> Communities including families of hypertensive patients are expected to take part in improving compliance with taking medication for hypertensive patients, and for hypertensive patients must be more obedient in taking drugs.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: Family Support, Hypertension, Adherence, Taking Medication.</em></p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 I Gede Purnawinadi, Irene Jessica Lintang https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2280 PENERAPAN BUDAYA KESELAMATAN PASIEN OLEH PERAWAT DI RUMAH SAKIT BANDAR LAMPUNG 2020-07-20T11:26:41+07:00 Ernawaty Siagian ernawatysiagian74@yahoo.com <p>Pemberi layanan kesehatan harus mengutamakan keamanan pasien sebagai perioritas. Sebagai tenaga<br>kesehatan dengan jumlah terbesar, perawat mempunyai andil besar dalam meningkatkan budaya<br>keselamatan pasien di rumah sakit. Penting untuk mengkaji penerapan budaya keselamatan pasien pada<br>perawat, sehingga hasilnya dapat dijadikan acuan dalam melakukan perbaikan.Penelitian descriptive<br>comparative cross sectional design dilakukan kepada 50 responden perawat dari instalasi gawat darurat,<br>Hemodialisa, Instalasi pasien rawat jalan dan ruang operasi dengan menggunakan instrument Hospital<br>Survey of Patient safety Culture (HSOPCS) yang terdiri dari 12 dimensi. Uji statistic Mann Whitney<br>digunakan untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat perbedaan penerapan antara staff pelaksana dan incharge,<br>antara head nurse dan kepala ruangan.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai rata-rata respon positif dari 12<br>dimensi yang diberikan oleh staf pelaksana (74,6%). Ada 5 dimensi yang perlu di tingkatkan yaitu<br>persepsi tentang keselamatan pasien secara menyeluruh (70,5%), harapan dan tindakan manajer dalam<br>meningkatkan keselamatan pasien (65,7%), respon tidak menghukum terhadap kesalahan (48,6%),<br>staffing (70,5%) serta overan dan transisi (65,7%). Sementara incharge mempunyai nilai rata-rata (79,4<br>%). Ada 4 dimensi yang perlu ditingkatkan yaitu frekuensi pelaporan insiden(66,7%), persepsi tentang<br>keselamatan pasien secara menyeluruh (55,6%), harapan dan tindakan manajer dalam meningkatkan<br>keselamatan pasien (41,7%),dan staffing (66,7%). Pada head nurse nilai rata-rata respon positif dari 12<br>dimensi (76,7%). Ada 5 dimensi yang perlu ditingkatkan yaitu persepsi tentang keselamatan pasien secara<br>menyeluruh (62,5%), harapan dan tindakan manajer dalam meningkatkan keselamatan pasien (65,6%),<br>respon tidak menghukum terhadap kesalahan (50%), kerjasama tim antar unit (68,8%) serta overran dan<br>transisi (56,3%). Pada kepala ruangan nilai rata-rata respon positif dalam 12 dimensi (88,6%). Ada 1<br>dimensi yang perlu ditingkatkan yaitu respon tidak menghukum terhadap kesalahan (66,7%). Terdapat<br>perbedaan yang signifikan antara staf pelaksana dengan incharge, antara head nurse dengan kepala<br>ruangan dalam penerapan budaya keselamatan pasien. Dengan meningkatkan penerapan budaya<br>keselamatan pasien diharapkan perawat dapat memberikan perawatan yang komprehensif, berbasis<br>evidence dan berpusat pada kebutuhan pasien sehingga keselamatan pasien dirumah sakit dapat tercapai.<br>Kata Kunci: Budaya keselamatan pasien, Perawat, HSOPSC</p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ernawaty Siagian https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2366 INTENSITAS BERMAIN GAME ONLINE TERHADAP POLA AKTIVITAS FISIK SISWA SMP ADVENT MENIA, KABUPATEN SABU, RAI JUA, NTT 2020-07-30T08:10:51+07:00 david raymond ludjileo davidraymondludjileo@gmail.com <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Addiction to online games can affect physical health, social relations, cause physical weakness as a result of reduced sleep hours, uneven nutrition and can lead to dehydration. And lazy to do physical activities such as sports. <strong>Objective:</strong> This study aims to assess the effect of the intensity of playing online games on the patterns of physical activity of students. <strong>Methods: </strong>This study was a descriptive correlation study with the population of Advent Menia Junior High School students, Sabu Rai Jua District, NTT totaling 46 students and the sample was recruited with saturated sampling techniques. <strong>Results:</strong> data shows that 80% are in the low intensity category of online game play and 20% in the moderate category. 80% have low physical activity patterns and 20% have moderate physical activity patterns. There is a significant relationship between the intensity of playing online games with physical activity patterns. <strong>Discussion: </strong>Community nursing care in the prevention of obesity and addiction to online games in adolescents can be a consideration in service to the community and the focus of subsequent research.</p> 2020-07-19T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 David Raymond Ludji Leo https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2336 GAMBARAN PERILAKU SWAMEDIKASI MASYARAKAT DI KELOMPOK SENAM KLINIK UNAI 2020-07-30T08:15:59+07:00 Beauty Hartini Noti beautyhartini2401@gmail.com <p><strong>Pendahuluan : </strong>perilaku swamedikasi merupakan respon seseorang terhadap&nbsp; rangsangan&nbsp; dari luar sehingga individu tersebut melakukan pengobatan sendiri tanpa resep dokter untuk mengobati penyakit yang dialaminya. <strong>Tujuan :</strong> penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran perilaku swamedikasi masyarakat terhadap kelompok senam Klinik UNAI. <strong>Metode :</strong> metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif korelasi dengan Populasi adalah anggota kelompok senam Unai, Bandung, Jawa Barat dan metode sampling yang digunakan adalah <em>purposive sampling</em> sebanyak 41 responden. Perilaku swamedikasi diukur dengan menggunakan questionnaire yang diadopsi dari penelitian sebelumnya oleh Alghanim serta Omar, dkk. <strong>Hasil :</strong> hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa gambaran perilaku swamedikasi kelompok senam Klinik Unai yang melakukan swamedikasi adalah 92,7 %, tempat memperolah obat paling banyak adalah di apotek 53,7%, sumber informasi yang didapatkan adalah dari keluarga 53,7 %, dan melakukan swamedikasi dengan alasan terbanyak adalah karena penyakit yang dialami ringan 70,7%.</p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Beauty Hartini Noti https://jurnal.unai.edu/index.php/jsk/article/view/2337 PENGARUH BIMBINGAN UJI KOMPETENSI ONLINE TERHADAP HASIL TRY OUT LOKAL UJI KOMPETENSI MAHASISWA AKPER RS. DUSTIRA 2020-07-20T11:26:42+07:00 Novi Malisa novimalisa5@gmail.com <p>Competency Test aims to achieve a standard graduate competency that meets working standards as healthcare personnel. Therefore, the graduation of competency test is very important for the health workers to be able to gain recognition for their competence. Various methods have been applied by educational institutions to prepare their students for the competency test. The purpose of this research is to know the influence of the guidance of online competency Test against the results of the local try-out student Competency Test Akper RS. Dustira. Design research using one group pre-post test design. The population in this study is a level III student of Akper RS. Dustira. A research sample of 125 respondents was taken with the Purposive Sampling technique. Data obtained through the local try-out activity of the competency test with the number of questions 180 vignette questions that have been compiled by a team that has certificate development and item review items with an online system. Data analysis Using test paired t test with α = 0.05. The results showed that the average pre test value before the intervention was given was 46.9110 with 38.4% of the respondents could not meet the pass limit. Average post test value after given intervention is 80.2845 with 100% of respondents can meet the pass limit. Online tutoring proved to significantly increase the value of students when the try out local competency test (P = 0,000). Online guidance can be used as an alternative program method to prepare students for competency test.</p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Novi Malisa