Experiences of Second Language Learners of Learning Strategies into Practice: A Phenomenological Study
Keywords:multicultural higher education students, ESL students, motivation, qualitative study, ESL students’ experiences
Education has been one of the essential ingredients that a modern society yearns for
higher status and standard living. Second Language Learners do have to learn the
concepts theoretically; however, when the learned concepts are put to practice,
students go through a great deal of stress and anxiety. Perpetually, they need to be
strong emotionally, physically, and mentally in order to meet the goals of the
targeted language (Cairney, 2007; Loxton, Mooney & Young, 2006; Samuel-
Dennis, 2006).Often, students do not show interest in instructions as they feel
culturally isolated. Self-determination theory explains that both intrinsic and
extrinsic motivations are essential to progress forward (Deci & Ryan, 2000). This
qualitative study (phenomenological study) examined the challenges and the issues
of ESL students in the Philippines. Research respondents were 15 ESL students
from different higher educational institutions in Region IV A, CALABARZON,
Philippines. The data were collected through observations and in depth interviews
and literature for triangulation; and were analyzed through two cycles of coding
where themes and categories were developed. The findings showed that there are
challenges and issues that ESL students face when transferring theory to practice.
The study ended with recommendations to bridge the gap of the challenges and
experiences of ESL students in learning.
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