Evidence of Convergent and Divergent Validity of Professional Competence, Active Faith, Social Responsibility, Selfless Service, and Balanced Lifestyle (PASSB) Measures
Keywords:construct validity, convergent validity, divergent validity, confirmatory factor analysis
Evidence to validity is important in scale development. Previous studies use
content validity as the only evidence to establish the validity of a
measure. Researchers have paid little attention to convergent and discriminant
validity. Thus, this study investigated the construct validity of measures of
Professional competence, Active faith, Social responsibility, Selfless service, and
Balance lifestyle (PASSB). The questionnaire was administered to 192 senior
college students who are internationally diverse and have enrolled in the university
for an Average of 8.6 semesters. This questionnaire was developed in order to
determine the impact of Adventist Education to the measured characteristics.
Confirmatory factor analysis investigated the convergent and discriminant
validities using SPSS and AMOS. The results revealed that Active faith accounted
for the largest proportion of variance, followed by Professional competence,
Selfless service and Balance lifestyle. Social responsibility accounted for the
smallest proportion of trait variance. A model with five latent trait provided a better
fit to the data. The results further provided evidence of convergent and discriminant
validity on the measures. The total variance accounted for by the five-factor model
is 66.02%. The implications for what institutional outcomes are expected of
students, research, and institutional policy were discussed.
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Copyright © 2019 ISC Committee.