Effects Of Music Therapy In Solving Math Problems: Basis For Developing Solving With Music (Solmus) Program
Keywords:math learning difficulty, students-at-risk
This study examined the effect of mood calming music in math problem solving.Experimental research design was used in the study among 32 Grade 11 students who are “at-risk” in General Mathematics. The experimental group (N = 16) listened to mood calming music while they are solving math problems in a conducive well-lighted and ventilated environment; meanwhile, the control group (N = 16) were given the same room condition without treatment. Ten-item math problems equivalent to 40 points were given to the participants to solve in one-hour period. The results revealed that the test scores in the Mathematics problem solving for the control and experimental groups are 14.31 (SD = 2.24), and 17.31 (SD = 3.96), respectively. Using Independent Sample t-test, the result showed that the difference between the two means is significant (t = 2.64, df = 30, p = .013). Learning difficulty in math can be enhanced by incorporating music to increase test scores. Thus, this study would serve as a basis for developing the SolMus program.
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