Influence of Pre-Medicine Course GPA and National Medical Admission Test Percentile Rank on First Year Medicine GPA Among College of Medicine Students: A Retrospective Review
AbstractThe criteria used by medical schools in the Philippines and the Adventist University of thePhilippines College of Medicine (AUPCOM) in admissions selection of future doctors aregenerally the same. These include academic ability, based on the cognitive Pre-Medical CourseGrade Point Average (Pre-Med GPA) and the National Medical Admission Test percentile rank(NMAT score). Other non-cognitive essential criteria are gleaned through personal interviewor written essays, such as insight into medicine, extracurricular activities and interests,personality, motivation, high work standards, and communication skills. Objective evidencejustifying the use of such criteria is an area that AUPCOM intended to investigate as basis forevaluating applicants to the medical school. This retrospective study utilized 153 students fromthe first four consecutive cohorts (from Batch 2019-2022) of medical students who wereaccepted in AUPCOM. The data taken from the COM records were strictly handled with utmostconfidentiality. Statistical analysis consisting of mean, standard deviation, percentage,correlation, and regression was employed. The NMAT percentile rank of the medicine studentshad an average of 72.01, with a Pre-Med GPA of 90.69 (B) and first year Medicine GPA of84.6 (C+). The bivariate correlation revealed significant positive relationship of NMAT scoreand Pre-Med grade to the first year Medicine GPA. Regression analysis revealed that PreMedicine course GPA and National Medical Admission Test Percentile Rank were bothpredictors of the first year medicine GPA among College of Medicine students. This result canbe an eye-opener to medical schools on the percentage weight given to NMAT percentile rankas one of the major criteria in the selection process of future doctors. Future research needs toinclude other predictors of performance in Medicine since Pre-Med GPA contributes only13.2% of the variance in medicine students’ first year Medicine GPA.
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