Integrated Sanitation and Hygiene Program to Curb the Case of Helminthiasis: An Experimental Study Among School-Age Children in a Coastal Town in the Philippines
AbstractApproximately 24% of the world’s populations, mostly school-age children, are infected withsoil-transmitted helminthes; with the majority in tropical and subtropical areas. ThePhilippine islands are endemic to soil-transmitted helminth with approximately 25 millionFilipinos at risk of acquiring the infection. Despite the deworming program of theDepartment of Health (DOH), re-infection is very common. This study investigated the effectof integrated sanitation and hygiene program among the second grade students of a coastaltown in the Philippines. Utilizing quasi-experimental study, two group pretest and posttestdesign, 70 participants from the elementary school of a coastal town in the Philippines werechosen randomly to join the study. Overall result showed that experimental group maintaineda zero re-infection during the first and second months after the intervention; while the controlhad one case of re-infection. Moreover, result showed significant difference during pretestand posttest on knowledge (p = <0.05) and self-efficacy (p = <0.05) but not significant onpractice (p = 0.77). Analyzing the two groups, significant difference was noted between theexperimental and control group on knowledge (p = <0.05) and self-efficacy (p = <0.05), withthe experimental group faring better after one and two months post intervention; but nosignificant difference was noted on practice, one and two months post intervention (p = 0.56,0.43). The odds of the experimental group acquiring helminthiasis was 68% lower than thecontrol group but is not considered significant (OR = 0.32; p = 0.49). The program wassuccessful in reducing the re-infection of helminthiasis and is recommended that continuoushealth education on hygiene and sanitation must be considered in the home and school.
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