Challenges in clinical performance of dentistry clinicians: towards strengthening areas of outcomes or competencies

  • Arvin Bullon Laguna Adventist University of the Philippines
Keywords: Challenges, Difficulties Weaknesses, Clinical Performance, Outcomes, Competencies, Interventions, Target Outcomes

Abstract

The study investigated the phenomenon of challenges and difficulties in the clinicalperformance of students in a university, accounting for the frequency of weaknesses and errorsof clinician students during clinical training as observed by the faculty in terms of theirknowledge, practical skills and attitudes. All eighteen faculty clinical consultants who weresupervising the 7 Clinical Departments in the College of Dentistry in a university were invitedto participate in the study, wherein questionnaires were given in two stages to identify andrecall the frequency of occurrence of errors or weaknesses in the clinical performance ofstudent clinicians in the 3rd and 4th year proper levels of the Dentistry Program. The sevenClinical Departments included the Restorative Dentistry Department, Oral DiagnosisDepartment, Periodontics Department, Oral Surgery Department, Endodontics Department,Prosthodontics Department, and the Pediatric Dentistry Department. The findings revealedseveral errors or weaknesses in clinical performance of students and some of these weaknesseswere seen by the clinical consultants to be frequently performed. Some of these are critical inthe proper training of future dentists and thus interventions in the target outcomes in the clinicaltraining program, as well as target outcomes and competencies in the area of pre-clinicaltraining, were recommended to be addressed.
Article Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Amri, M., Al-Madi, E., Sadig, W.M., Ahmedani, M.S., and Salameh, Z.(2012). Significance of primary factors influencing students’ performance at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Dental Education, 62(8), 816-821.

Albino, J.E.N., Young, S.K., Neumann, L. M., Kramer, G. A., Andrieu, S.C., Henson, L. (2008) Assessing dental students’ competence: Best practice recommendations in the performance assessment literature and investigation of current practices in Predoctoral Dental Education. Journal of Dental Education, 72(12), 1405-1435.

Bar-Yam, M., Rhoades, K., Sweeney, L. B., Kaput, J., and Bar-Yam, Y. (2002). Complex Systems Perspectives on Education and the Education System, New England Complex Systems Institute. Retrieved from https://necsi.edu/changes-in-the-teaching-andlearning-process-in-a-complex-education-system

Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals, New York: David McKay.

Brockart, S. (2016). Performance assessment: What is it and why use it?. Retrieved from https://medium.com/inspired-ideas-prek-12/performance-assessment-what-is-it-andwhy-use-it-1394712c5d3

California State University, Sacramento (n.d.). Bloom’s taxonomy. Retrieved from https://www.csus.edu/indiv/e/estiokom/bloomstaxonomy.pdf

Clark, D. (2014). Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains. Retrieved from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to Design and Evaluate Research In EducatIon (8th ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill.

Huitt, W. (2011). Bloom et al.’s Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved from http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/ cognition/bloom.html

Jung-Joon Ihm, Gene Lee, Kack-Kyun Kim, Ki-Taeg Jang, and Bo-Hyoung Jin (2013). Who Succeeds at Dental School? Factors Predicting Students’ Academic Performance in a Dental School in Republic of Korea, Journal of Dental Education, 77(12), 1616-1623.

Krathwohl, D. R., Bloom, B. S., and Masia, B. B. (1964). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals, New York: David McKay.

Meisels, S. J. (2014). Performance Assessment. Retrieved From http://teacher.s cholastic.com/professional/assessment/perfassess.htm

Musial, D., Nieminen, G., Thomas, J., and Burke, K. (2009). Foundations of Meaningful Educational Assessment, New York: McGraw-Hill

Rethans, J., Norcini, J., & Baron-Macdonald, M. (2002). The relationship between competence and performance: Implications for assessing practical performance. Medical Education, 36(10), 901-909.

Taylor, C. L., Grey, N., and Satterthwaite, J. D. (2013). Assessing the Clinical Skills of Dental Students: A Review of the Literature, Journal of Education and Learning, 2(1), 20-31. doi: 10.5539/jel.v2n1p20

Published
2019-12-18
How to Cite
Laguna, A. (2019). Challenges in clinical performance of dentistry clinicians: towards strengthening areas of outcomes or competencies. Abstract Proceedings International Scholars Conference, 7(1), 297-312. https://doi.org/10.35974/isc.v7i1.970