An Evaluation To The Historical Objection of The Seventh-Day Adventist Doctrine of The Pre-Advent Investigative Judgment

  • Mangara Juara Simanjuntak Theology
Keywords: Pre-Advent Investigative Judgment, Millerites, Sabbatarian Adventists

Abstract

The Seventh-day Adventist doctrine of the pre-advent investigative judgment has beenattacked by some former Adventist members. Desmond Ford, one of the opponents, doubtedthe historical basis of the doctrine. He argued that this Adventist’s distinctive doctrine highlyrelies upon and can merely be proven from E. G. White’s writings. He claimed that theMillerites and the early Sabbatarian Adventist did not teach this teaching. No references intheir writings explained this doctrine. The purpose of this study is to present historical factsfrom the writings of Adventist pioneers as an evaluation to the objection. This study is ahistorical approach using documentary research method. From each development stage of theview, researcher uses primary resource. The researcher also employs the secondary resourcesonly to see current opinion about the subject. From the historical facts, it is found that theteaching of the pre-advent investigative judgment has been taught before E. G. White wroteit. Some Millerites and early Sabbatarian Adventists employed several terms to express theconcept, such as the typical Day of Atonement, breastplate of judgment, announcement ofGod’s judgment hour, scene of God’s, Christ’s parable of the wedding ceremony, judgmentof the “house of God”, the term “Laodicea”, and God’s rewards either for salvation orpunishment at the second coming of Christ. Thus, it is evident that before E. G. White wroteabout the pre-advent investigative judgment, some Millerites and early SabbatarianAdventists have already mentioned it in their writings. The terms used by Millerites andSabbatarian Adventists to describe the teaching of the pre-advent investigative judgment areimportant to prove that the doctrine is not merely derived from E. G. White.
Article Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adams, Roy. (1981). The Doctrine of the Sanctuary in the Seventh-day Adventist Church: Three Approaches. Andrews University Seminary Doctoral Dissertation Series 1. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press.

Adams, Roy. (1993). The Sanctuary: Understanding the Heart of Adventist Theology. Hagerstown, MD: Review & Herald.

Andrews, J. N. (1870). “The Order of Events in the Judgment.” Review and Herald, February 1870, 75-77.

Andrews, J. N. (1869). “The Order of Events in the Judgments.” Review and Herald, November 1869,156-157.

Andross, E. E. (1912). A More Excellent Ministry. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press.

Bates, Joseph. (1850). An Explanation of the Typical and Anti-Typical, by the Scriptures, With a Chart. New Bedford, MA: Benjamin Lindsey.

Bates, Joseph. (1850). “Laodicean Church.” Review and Herald, November 1850, 8-10.

Bates, Joseph. (1846). The Opening Heavens or a Connected View of the Testimony of the Prophets and Apostles, Concerning the Opening Heavens, Compared With Astronomical Observations, and of the Present and Future Location of the New Jerusalem, the Paradise of God. New Bedford, MA: Benjamin Lindsey.

Bates, Joseph. (1949). A Seal of the Living God: Hundred Forty Four Thousand of the Servants of God Being Sealed in 1840. New Bedford, MA: Benjamin Lindsey.

Bates, Joseph. (1847). Second Advent Way Marks and High Heaps or a Connected View, of

the Fulfillment of Prophecy, by God’s Peculiar People, From the Year 1840 to 1847. New Bedford, MA: Benjamin Lindsey.

Bates, Joseph. (1847). Seventh-day Sabbath, Perpetual Sign From the Beginning to the Entering Into the Gates of the Holy City, According to the Commandment. 2nd ed. New Bedford, MA: Benjamin Lindsey.

Burt, Merlin D. (2013). Development of Seventh-day Adventist Theology. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2013.

Burt, Merlin D. (2013). “Enoch Jacobs.” The Ellen G. White Encyclopedia. Edited by Denis Fortin and Jerry Moon. Hagerstown, MD: Review & Herald, 2013. 1:427.

Burt, Merlin D. (2002). “The Historical Background, Interconnected Development and Integration of the Doctrines of the Sanctuary, the Sabbath, and Ellen G. White’s

Role in Sabbatarian Adventism from 1844 to 1849.” PhD diss., Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI.

Clark, Jerome L. (1844). Religious Movements. Vol 1. Nashville, TN: Southern Pub. Assn., 1968.

Coesart, Carl. (2000). “A Study of Ta Hagia in the LXX, Pseudepigrapha, Philo, and Josephus, and Its Implication in Hebrews.” MA thesis, Nazarene Theological Seminary, Kansas City, MO.

Crosier, O. R. L. (1923). “Early History of Ontario County Revealed in Story of Late O. R. L.

Crosier.” The Daily Messenger, November 1923, 41-45.

Crosier, O. R. L. (1846). “The Law of Moses.” Day-Star, February 1846, 37-44.

Crosier, O. R. L. (1845). “The Springwater Affair.” Voice of Truth, October 1845, 505-508.

Damsteegt, P. Gerard. (1977). Foundations of the Seventh-day Adventist Message and Mission. Grand Rapids, MI: Damsteegt.

Damsteegt, P. Gerard. (1989). “Historical Background: Early Nineteenth Century.” In Doctrine of the Sanctuary: A Historical Survey, 1845-1863, edited by Frank B. Holbrook, 1-16. Silver Spring, MD: Biblical Research Institute.

Damsteegt, P. Gerard. (2009). “The Interpretation of Prophecy and the Advent Movement.” In Christ, Salvation, and the Eschaton: Essays in Honor of Hans K. LaRondelle, edited by Daniel Heinz, Ji Moskala, and Peter M. van Bemmelen, 228-229. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press.

Dick, Everett N. (1994). William Miller and the Advent Crisis. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press.

Edson, Hiram. (1850). “Appeal to the Laodicean Church.” AR Extra, September 1850, 3-5.

Edwards, Calvin W., and Gary Land. (2000). Seeker After Light: A. F. Ballenger, Adventism, and American Christianity. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press.

Everts, Elon. (1857). “Communication From Brother Everts.” Review and Herald, January 1857, 72.

Everts, Elon. (1857). “A Few Thoughts on the Cleansing of the Sanctuary.” Review and Herald, June 1857, 45-47.

Everts, Elon. (1854). “Review of the New Time Theory.” Review and Herald, January 1854, 201.

Ford, Desmond. (1980). Daniel 8:14: The Day of Atonement, and the Investigative Judgment. Newcastle, CA: Operation Glacier View.

Goldstein, Clifford. (1998). 1844 Made Simple. Boise, ID: Pacific Press.

Goldstein, Clifford. (1996). “Blood and Judgment.” Ministry, February 1996, 18-20.

Goldstein, Clifford. (1992). False Balances: The Truth About the Judgment, the Sanctuary, and Your Salvation. Boise, ID: Pacific Press.

Goldstein, Clifford. (2003). Graffiti in the Holy of Holies: An Impassioned Response to Recent Attacks on the Sanctuary and Ellen White. Nampa, ID: Pacific Press.

Hale, Apollos, and Joseph Turner. (1845). “Has Not the Savior Come as the Bridegroom?” Advent Mirror, January 1845, 1-3.

Hale, Apollos. (1843). Herald of the Bridegroom. Boston, MA: Joshua V. Himes.

Jacobs, Enoch. (1844). “Intolerance.” Western Midnight Cry, December 1844, 30.

Jacobs, Enoch. (1844). “The Time.” Western Midnight Cry, November 1844, 19-20.

Knight, George R., ed. (1994). 1844 and the Rise of Sabbatarian Adventism. Hagerstown, MD: Review & Herald.

Litch, Josiah. (1841). “Address to the Clergy.” Signs of the Times, January 1841, 38-39.

Litch, Josiah. (1841). “The Doctrine of the Millennium: The Order of the Resurrection and Order of the Judgment.” Second Advent Tracts, June 1841, 11-12.

Litch, Josiah. (1842). Prophetic Expositions or a Connected View of the Testimony of the Prophets Concerning the Kingdom of God and the Time of Its Establishment. Vol.

Boston, MA: Joshua V. Himes.

Litch, Josiah. (1870). Prophetic Expositions or a Connected View of the Testimony of the Prophets Concerning the Kingdom of God and the Time of Its Establishment. Vol. 1. Boston, MA: Joshua V. Himes, 1842. Quoted in J. N. Andrews, “The Order of Events in the Judgment.” Review and Herald, February 1870, 75-77.

Loughborough, J. N. (1854). “The Hour of His Judgment Come.” Review and Herald, February 1854, 29-30.

Loughborough, J. N. (1857). “Judgment.” Review and Herald, November 1857, 9-11.

Miller, William. (1845). “Letter From Bro. Miller.” Daystar, April 1845, 31-32.

Miller, William. (1845). “Letter From Bro. Miller.” Jubilee Standard, April 1845, 41-42.

Moore, Marvin. (2010). The Case for the Investigative Judgment: Its Biblical Foundation. Nampa, ID: Pacific Press.

Nunez, Samuel. (1987). The Vision of Daniel 8: Interpretation From 1700 to 1800. Andrews University Seminary Doctoral Dissertation Series 14. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press.

Ratzlaff, Dale. (2009). Cultic Doctrine of Seventh-day Adventism: An Evangelical Wake-up Call. Glendale, AZ: LAM.

Slattery, Wallace D. (1990). Are Seventh-day Adventists False Prophets: A Former Insider Speaks out.Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R.

Smith, Uriah. (1855). “Cleansing of the Sanctuary.” Review and Herald, October 1855, 5254.

Smith, Uriah. (1888). “The Investigative Judgment.” Review and Herald, May 1888, 328329.

Smith, Uriah. (1858). “The Judgment.” Review and Herald, April 1858, 156.

Smith, Uriah. (1858). “The Last Warning to the Church.” Review and Herald, June 1858, 28.

Smith, Uriah. (1887). “The Sanctuary.” Review and Herald, September 1887, 12-13.

Smith, Uriah. (1858). “Synopsis of the Present Truth No. 22.” Review and Herald, April 1858, 172.

Smith, Uriah. (1862). “Thoughts on the Revelation.” Review and Herald, November 1862, 197.

Smith, Uriah. (1861). “The Wedding Garment.” Review and Herald, April 1861, 156.

Snow, Samuel S. (1845). “And the Door Was Shut.” Jubilee Standard, April 1845, 53.

Snow, Samuel S. (1845). “The Laodicean Church: Concluded.” Jubilee Standard, June 1845, 117.

Spangler, J. Robert. (1980). “The Cleansing of the Sanctuary and the Investigative Judgment in the Old Testament.” Ministry, October 1980, 39-41.

Spangler, J. Robert. (1980). “Ellen G. White’s Role in Doctrinal Matters.” Ministry, October 1980, 53-60.

Spangler, J. Robert. (1980). “Methodology.” Ministry, October 1980, 60-63.

Spalding, Arthur W. (1949). Captains of the Host. Washington, DC: Review & Herald.

Storrs, George. (1843). The Bible Examiner: Containing Various Prophetic Expositions. Boston, MA: Joshua V. Himes.

Storrs, George. (1844). “Resurrection of the Dead.” Bible Examiner, January 1844, 40.

White, Ellen G. (1911). The Acts of the Apostles. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press.

White, Ellen G. (1941). Christ’s Object Lessons. Hagerstown, MD: Review & Herald.

White, Ellen G. (1887). The Church’s Great Need.” Review and Herald, March 1887, 177178.

White, Ellen G. (1946). Counsels to Writers and Editors. Nashville, TN: Southern Pub. Assn..

White, Ellen G. (1940). The Desire of Ages. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press.

White, Ellen G. (1945). Early Writings of Ellen G. White. Hagerstown, MD: Review & Herald.

White, Ellen G. (1950). The Great Controversy Between Christ and Satan. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press.

White, Ellen G. (1943). Life Sketches of Ellen G. White. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press.

White, Ellen G. (1883). “Notes on Travel.” Review and Herald, November 1883, 737.

White, Ellen G. (1958). Patriarchs and Prophets. Hagerstown, MD: Review & Herald.

White, Ellen G. (1969). The Spirit of Prophecy. Vol 4. Battle Creek, MI: Seventh-day Adventist Pub. Assn.

White, Ellen G. (1945). Spiritual Gifts. 4 vols. Battle Creek, MI: Seventh-day Adventist Pub. Assn.

White, Ellen G. (1956). Steps to Christ. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press, 1956.

White, Ellen G. (1887). Testimonies for the Church. Vol 4. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press.

White, James. (1850). “The Day of Judgment.” Advent Review, September 1850, 49-51.

White, James. (1857). “The Judgment.” Review and Herald, January 1857, 100-101.

White, James. (1851). “Parable, Matthew 25:1-12.” Review and Herald, June 1851, 103-105.

White, James. (1856). “Seven Churches.” Review and Herald, October 1856, 189-190.

Published
2019-12-18
How to Cite
Simanjuntak, M. (2019). An Evaluation To The Historical Objection of The Seventh-Day Adventist Doctrine of The Pre-Advent Investigative Judgment. Abstract Proceedings International Scholars Conference, 7(1), 2050-2064. https://doi.org/10.35974/isc.v7i1.999