A Philippine Setting: Work Motivation of Employees and Motivational Strategy Evaluation In an Industrial Establishment

  • Gizelle Lou Cabahug-Fugoso
Keywords: industry, motivation, strategy, Philippines, workplace

Abstract

The study sought to determine the work motivation of employees in an industrial establishment in the Philippines and how the motivational strategies that the company carries out are effectively translated into their workforce. The data was taken from a consented establishment and the employees were asked to answer the multi-dimension work motivation questionnaire. Qualitative data was also collected to determine the motivational strategies done by the company through an interview with their human resources department. Results showed that the workers in the industrial establishment were moderately motivated. This was constituted by the motivational dimensions with the majority of the respondents having a low amotivation score, low to moderate extrinsic regulation score, high introjected regulation score, identified regulation and intrinsic regulation score. Likewise, there was a significant prediction with three variables from the demographic data, which include the number of years in service, educational attainment and pay grade. The latter variable had the only negative predicting factor against the motivational score. The motivational score was, by theory, affected by the motivational strategy that was implored by the human resource management of the company. These strategies are categorized as work environment, rewards, punishment, leadership, and non-monetary incentives. Thus, the study recommended that there is room for additional strategies that can be made and added to current practices in industrial management, especially in the implementing department, to increase the motivation of workers.
Article Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aluko, M. A. O. 2003. The impact of culture on organizational performance in selected textile firms in Nigeria. Nordic Journal of African Studies, 12(2), 164-179.

Bureau of Industries (BOI). (2017). The Philippine manufacturing industry profile.

Choi, J. (2006). A motivational theory of charismatic leadership: envisioning, empathy, and empowerment. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies 13(1):24-43.

Deci, E. L. and R. M. Ryan, (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behaviour. Plenum Publications, New York, USA.

Deci, E. L. and R. M. Ryan, (2008). Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life‟s domains. Canadian Psychology, 49:14–23.

du Plessis, A. J., N. Douangphichit, and P. Dodd, (2016). HRM in relation to employee motivation and job performance in the hospitality industry. Journal of International Business Research and Marketing, 1(4):12-21.

Ellliot, A. J. and M. Covington, (2001). Approach and Avoidance Motivation. Educational Psychology Review, 13, 2.

Fulcher, J. and J. Scott. Sociology. 4th ed. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.

Gagné, M., Forest, J., Vansteenkiste, M., Crevier-Braud, L., van den Broeck, A., Aspeli, A. K., Bellerose, J., Benabou, C., Chemolli, E., Güntert, S. T., Halvari, H., Indiyastuti, D. L., Johnson, P. A., Molstad, M. H., Naudin, M., Ndao, A., Olafsen, A. H.,Roussel, P., Wang, Z. and Westbye, C. (2015). The multidimensional work motivation scale: validation evidence in seven languages and nine countries. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(2):178-196.

Gagné, M. and Deci, E. L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior 26:331-362.

Hofeditz, M., Nienaber, A., Dysvik, A. and Schewe, G. (2017). “Want to” versus “have to”: intrinsic and extrinsic motivators as predictors of compliance behavior intention. Human Resource Management 56(1):25-49.

Hosseini, S. A. R. (2014). Factors affecting employee motivation. Management and Administrative Sciences Review, 3(4):713-723.

Kimani, G. (2015). Why self-motivation is key to career stability.

Latham G. P. (2007). Work motivation: history, theory, research and practice. Sage Publications, Inc., California, USA.

Lindner, J.R. (1998). Understanding employee motivation, Journal of Extension 3:1-8.

Mbah, T. (2015). Assessing motivation as a tool to enhance employee performance. Unpublished Masters Thesis, Centria University of Applied Sciences, Kokkola, Finland.

Moran, B. B. (2013). Library and Information Center Management. Santa Barbara, CA. Libraries Unlimited.

Munjal, S. and Goyal, N. (2017). Assessment of motivational factors at workplace for mid-level professionals. Amity Journal of Training and Development, 2(2):34-44.

Nguyen, M.L. (2017). The impact of employees motivation on organizational effectiveness. University of Applied Sciences, International Business.

Purc, E. and M. Laguna. (2019). Personal values and innovative behavior of employees. Frontiers in psychology 10:865.

Rusu, G. and Avasilcai, S. (2013). Human resources motivation: an organizational performance perspective. Annals of the Oradea University, 1:331-334.

Ryan, R. M. and K. W. Brown. (2003). Why we don‟t need self-esteem: on fundamental needs, contingent love, and mindfulness. Psychological Inquiry 14(1):27-82.

Shahzadi, I. Javed, A., Pirzada, S.S. Nasreen, and S., Khanam, F. (2014). Impact of Employee Motivation on Employee Performance. European Journal of Business and Management 6(23):159-157.

Sharma, S. (2006). The right way to motivate employees and win their hearts.

Sherif, M. Z. M., Nimran, U. and Prasetya, M. A. (2014). The role of motivation in human resources management: the importance of motivation factors among future business professionals in Libya.

Van Wingerden J. and J. Van der Stoep (2018). The motivational potential of meaningful work: Relationships with strengths use, work engagement, and performance. PLoS ONE 13(6):e0197599.

Weinstein, N., DeHaan, C.R. and Ryan, R.M. (2010). attributing autonomous versus introjected motivation to helpers and the recipient experience: Effects on gratitude, attitudes, and well-being. Motivational and Emotion 34: 418.

Published
2019-12-18
How to Cite
Cabahug-Fugoso, G. (2019). A Philippine Setting: Work Motivation of Employees and Motivational Strategy Evaluation In an Industrial Establishment. Abstract Proceedings International Scholars Conference, 7(1), 1359-1372. https://doi.org/10.35974/isc.v7i1.2093