Does Leviticus 5:11 – 13 Teach Forgiveness Without Shedding of Blood?
AbstractLeviticus chapter 5 is concerned with the trespass-offering. The difference between thetrespass offering and the sin-offering most likely lay not so much in the sacrifices themselves,and the management of them, as in the occasions of the offering of them. They were bothintended to make atonement for sin; but the former was more general, this applied to someparticular instances. Thus, concerning the trespass, if a man commits a sin: (i) In concealinghis knowledge, when he is adjured (v. 1). (ii) In touching an unclean thing (v. 2, 3). (iii) Inswearing (v. 4). (iv) In embezzling the holy things (v. 14-16). (v) In any sin of infirmity (v.17-19). Some other cases there are, in which these offerings were to be offered (chaps 6:2-4;14:12; 19:21; Num. 6:12). And concerning the trespass-offerings, (i) Of the flock (v. 5, 6).(ii) Of fowls (v. 7-10). (iii) Of flour (v. 11-13; but chiefly a ram without blemish (v. 15, etc.).This paper focuses on trespass offering of flour (v. 11-13). Provision is here made for thepoor of the people of God, and the pacifying of their consciences under the sense of guilt.Those that were not able to bring a lamb might bring for a sin-offering a pair of turtle-dovesor two young pigeons; however, if any were so extremely poor that they were not able toprocure these so often as they would have occasion, they might bring a an ephah of fine flourfor a sin offering, and this should be accepted. Therefore, it seems that the expense of the sinoffering was brought lower than that of any other offering, to teach the reader that no man'spoverty shall ever be a bar in the way of his/her forgiveness. The poorest of all may haveatonement made for them, if it be not their own fault. Furthermore, this paper seeks to findout whether the passage under consideration teaches that forgiveness can be obtained withoutthe shedding of blood or not.
Emunah, Netzari (2019). Kitzur Shulchan Aruch. Raleigh, NC: Lulu.
Fogel, Joshua A. (2013). Grains of Truth: Reading Tractate Menachot of the Babylonian Talmud Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. The word minchah more accurately, bring ―a cereal offering [minchah] as an offering. The word designates a gift presented to a superior. The present Jacob gave to Esau (cf Gen. 32:13), the gift that Joseph‘s brothers gave him upon their arrival in Egypt (cf Gen 43:11; see also 2 Sam 8:2, 6; Gen 4:4, for further information see SDABC vol. 1, 719 -720).
Geikie, Cunningham (1888). Short life of Christ: For old and young. New York, NY: James Pott. The poor who could afford only a turtledove or a pigeon would bring one of these. Significantly Mary, the mother of Jesus, brought two turtledoves to the Temple as her gift after childbirth (cf Lev 12:8; Luke 2:22-24). Joseph and Mary were poor people.
Harris, R. Laird. (1990). ―Leviticus.‖ In the Expositor‘s Bible commentary: with New International Version, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, 12 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan 1990.
Kaiser, Walter C., Jr. (1994). ―The book of Leviticus‖ in the New Interpreter‘s Bible, ed. Leander E. Keck 12 vols. Nashvile: Abingdon Press 1994. 1:1036.
Keil, C. F. and Delitzsch, F. (1976). Commentary on the Old Testament in ten volumes. Vol. 1, the Pentateuch. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary (SDABC), rev. ed., ed. Francis D. Nichol. Washington, DC: Review & Herald, 1976-1980. Vol. 1, pp. 719-720.
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