Relationship of Knowledge on Healthy Lifestyle to Dietary Practices and Physical Activity as Moderated by Age
AbstractLifestyle – related diseases remained to be on the top ten killer according to the World HealthOrganization. Literature indicates that diseases are highly related to lifestyle practices. Onthe other hand, optimal health is a perceived goal of the greater population, however, puttingit into practice is a challenge. The study determined the following: 1) the level of knowledgeon healthy lifestyle, dietary practices and physical activity; 2) the relationship of knowledgeon healthy lifestyle to dietary practices and physical activities, and 3) the relationship ofknowledge to dietary practice and relationship of knowledge to physical activities accordingto age group. A Descriptive-correlational design was employed. The data were gatheredamong 66 randomly selected university students staying in the dormitories; who are at least18 years of age, in which 24 are males and 42 are females, and 40 have earned at most abachelor’s degree and 26 have at least earned units in a master’s program. Utilizing adaptedinstruments, respondents were scored on a 12-item instrument in knowledge where in eachcorrect answer correspond to one point, 27-item instrument on healthy lifestyle in terms ofdiet where in each appropriate response correspond to one point, and 4-item instrument onhealthy lifestyle in terms of physical activities. In turn, the highest possible score ofknowledge, diet, and physical activities are 12, 27, and 4, respectively. Descriptive resultsrevealed that respondents have high knowledge on healthy lifestyle, have fair dietarypractices and moderate practice of physical activities. Furthermore, knowledge on healthylifestyle is not significantly correlated to dietary practices physical activities. However, asignificant relationship was found when respondents were grouped according to age; onlythose 24 years old and above were found to have significant results. Hence, arecommendation to increase the accessibility and reinforcement values of exercise andphysical activity that will have immediate and long term health benefits for college students.
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