Relationship of Knowledge on Healthy Lifestyle to Dietary Practices and Physical Activity as Moderated by Age

  • Mary Anne Grace Malagamba Dorado Adventist University of the Philippines
  • Abraham P Racca
Keywords: knowledge, dietary practices, physical activity


Lifestyle – related diseases remained to be on the top ten killer according to the World HealthOrganization. Literature indicates that diseases are highly related to lifestyle practices. On theother hand, optimal health is a perceived goal of the greater population, however, putting it intopractice is a challenge. The study determined the following: 1) the level of knowledge onhealthy lifestyle, dietary practices and physical activity; 2) the relationship of knowledge onhealthy lifestyle to dietary practices and physical activities, and 3) the relationship ofknowledge to dietary practice and relationship of knowledge to physical activities according toage group. A Descriptive-correlational design was employed. The data were gathered among66 randomly selected university students staying in the dormitories; who are at least 18 yearsof age, in which 24 are males and 42 are females, and 40 have earned at most a bachelor’sdegree and 26 have at least earned units in a master’s program. Utilizing adapted instruments,respondents were scored on a 12-item instrument in knowledge where in each correct answercorrespond to one point, 27-item instrument on healthy lifestyle in terms of diet where in eachappropriate response correspond to one point, and 4-item instrument on healthy lifestyle interms of physical activities. In turn, the highest possible score of knowledge, diet, and physicalactivities are 12, 27, and 4, respectively. Descriptive results revealed that respondents havehigh knowledge on healthy lifestyle, have fair dietary practices and moderate practice ofphysical activities. Furthermore, knowledge on healthy lifestyle is not significantly correlatedto dietary practices physical activities. However, a significant relationship was found whenrespondents were grouped according to age; only those 24 years old and above were found tohave significant results. Hence, a recommendation to increase the accessibility andreinforcement values of exercise and physical activity that will have immediate and long termhealth benefits for college students.
Article Metrics


Download data is not yet available.


Alissa, E. M., H. Alsawadi, A. Zedan, D. Alqarni, M. Bakry and N. B. Hli.2015. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dietary and Lifestyle Habits Among Medical Students in King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 6,, pp. 650-655. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150406.18 Alpar SE, L. Şenturan, Ü. Karabacak, and N. Sabuncu. 2008. Change in the health promoting lifestyle behaviour of Turkish University nursing students from beginning to end of nurse training,” Nurse Education in Practice, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 382–388.

Al-Khawaldeh OA. 2014. Health promoting lifestyles of Jordanian university students. Int J Adv Nurs Stud.;3:27–31.

Almutairi, K. M., W. B. Alonazi, J. M. Vinluan, T. H. Almigbal, M. A. Batais, A. A. Alodhayani, , …R. I. Alhoqail. 2018. Health promoting lifestyle of university students in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional assessment. BMC public health, 18(1), 1093. doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5999-z Al-Tamimi, T. R., H. A. Ba-Omar, and S.Nadar. 2017. Knowledge Regarding Secondary Prevention Lifestyle Practices Among Patients with Ischaemic Heart Disease in Oman: Pilot study. Sultan Qaboos University medical journal, 17(1), e88–e92. doi:10.18295/squmj.2016.17.01.015

ASCD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child: A Collaborative Approach to Learning and Health. Alexandria, VA: ASCD; 2014. Available at: http://www.ascd.ord/ASCD/pdf/siteASCD/publications/wholechild/wscc-acollaborative-approach.pdf. Accessed February 6, 2015.

Bagordo F, T . Grassi, F. Serio, A. Idolo and A. De Donno. 2013. Dietary habits and health among university students living at or away from home in southern Italy. Jo Food Nutr Res;52(3):164-71.appet.2012.03.003 Bano R, E AlShammari, SB Fatima, NA Al Shammari. 2013. A comparative study of Knowledge, Attitude, Practice of nutrition and non-nutrition student towards a balanced diet in Hail University. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2(3), 29-36. 650655.

Basch C. 2011. Healthier children are better learners: A missing link in school reforms to close the achievement gap. 2010. 010.pdf. Baum A, GE Davis. 1980. Reducing the stress of highdensity living: an architectural intervention. J Pers Soc Psychol. Mar;38(3):471-81. Bleich S, WL. Bennett, KA. Gudzune and LA. Cooper. 2012. Impact of physician BMI on obesity care and beliefs. Obesity.;20(5):999-1005. Cotillard, A. , S.P. Kennedy, L.C. Kong, E.Prifti, N. Pons, E. Le Chatelier, M. Almeida, B. Quinquis, F. Levenez, and N. Galleron, , et al, ANR. 2013. MicroObes consortiumDietary intervention impact on gut microbial gene richness Nature, 500, pp. 585 Driskell JA, YN. Kim and KJ. Goebel. 2005. Few differences found in the typical eating and physical activity habits of lowerlevel and upper-level university students. J Am Diet Assoc;105(5):798-801. Dumith SC, DP. Gigante and M.R. Domingues et al. 2011. Physical activity change during adolescence: a systematic review and a pooled analysis. Int J Epidemiol;40:685– 98.doi:10.1093/ije/dyq272 Fotheringham MJ, R.L. Wonnacott and N. Owen. 2000. Computer use and physical inactivity in young adults: public health perils and potentials of new information technologies. Ann Behav Med.;22:269–275. Frank E, E.H. Wright, M.K. Serdula, L.K. Elon and G. Baldwin. 2002. Personal and professional nutrition-related practices of US female physicians. Am J Clin Nutr.;75(2):326-332.

Fontana, L.and L. Partridge. 2015. Promoting health and longevity through diet: from model organisms to humans Cell, 161, pp. 106-118 Howe M, A. Leidel, S.M. Krishnan, A. Weber, M. Rubenfire and E.A.Jackson. 2010. Patientrelated diet and exercise counseling: do providers’ own lifestyle habits matter? Prev Cardiol.;13(4):180-185. Hung OY, N.L. Keenan and J. Fang. 2013. Physicians' health habits are associated with lifestyle counseling for hypertensive patients. Am J Hypertens.;26(2):201-208. Kant AK, Graubard BI. 2010. Contributors of water intake in US children and adolescents: associations with dietary and meal characteristics—National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005–2006. Am J Clin Nutr.;92(4):887-96.

Key TJ, N.E. Allen, E.A. Spencer and R.C. Travis. 2002. The effect of diet on risk of cancer. Lancet. Sep 14; 360(9336):861-8. Lee RE and A.C. King. 2003. Discretionary time among older adults: how do physical activity promotion interventions affect sedentary and active behaviors? Ann Behav Med.;25:112–119.

Lupi, S., F. Bagordo, A. Stefanati, T. Grassi, L. Piccinni, M. Bergamini and A. De Donno. 2015. Assessment of lifestyle and eating habits among undergraduate students in northern Italy. Ann Ist Super Sanità 2015 Vol. 51, No. 2 DOI: 10.4415/ANN_15_02_14

Pearson N.and S.J.Biddle. 2011. Sedentary behavior and dietary intake in children, adolescents, and adults. A systematic review. Am J Prev Med.;41(2):178-188.

Pengpid, S., K. Peltzer, H.K. Kassean, et al. 2015. Int J Public Health 60: 539.

Rani AM, BW Sathiyasekaran. 2013. Behavioural determinants for obesity: A cross-sectional study among urban adolescents in India. J Prev Med Public Health; 46:192-200.

Sajwani, A. Rubina & Shoukat, Sana & Raza, Rushna & S. Muhyeuddin, Muhannad&Rashid, Quratulain& S. Siddique, Momin&Panju, Sukaina&Raza, Hasan&Chaudhry, Sophia&Kadir and Muhannad. 2009. Knowledge and practice of healthy lifestyle and dietary habits in medical and non-medical students of Karachi, Pakistan. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 59. 650-5.

Simons D, P. Clarys, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, B. de Geus, C. Vandelanotte, B. Deforche. 2014. Why do Young Adults Choose Different Transport Modes? Transport Policy: A focus group study.

Sonnenburg, E.D. , S.A. Smits, M.Tikhonov, S.K Higginbottom, N.S. Wingreen and J.L. Sonnenburg 2016. Diet-induced extinctions in the gut microbiota compound over generations Nature, 529, pp. 212-215

Smith A , S. Biddle, eds. 2008. Youth physical activity and sedentary behavior. Champaign, IL: HumanKinetics Strong WB, R.M. Malina, C.J. Blimkie, S.R. Daniels, R.K. Dishman, B.Gutin, A.C. Hergenroeder, A. Must,P.A. Nixon, J.M. Pivarnik, T. Rowland, S.Trost and F. Trudeau. 2005. Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth. Journal of Pediatrics;146(6):732–737. Ussher MH, CG Owen and DG Cook, et al. 2007. The relationship between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and psychological wellbeing among adolescents. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol;42:851–6.doi:10.1007/s00127-007-0232-x Utter J, Scragg R, Mhurchu CN, Schaaf D. 2007. At-home breakfast consumption among New Zealand children: Associations with body mass index and related nutrition behaviors. J Am Diet Assoc;107:570-6.

U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2015. Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th ed. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. Wareham NJ, EM van Sluijs and U. Ekelund. 2005. Physical activity and obesity prevention: a review of the current evidence. Proc Nutr Soc;64:229–47.doi:10.1079/PNS2005423 Zakaria, A. and Z. Syahirah, Z. Abidin. 2014. Knowledge and Practice of Healthy Lifestyle Among Higher Institution Student. Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 0100729, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.

Retrieved from

Retrieved from

Retrieved from

Retrieved from

How to Cite
Dorado, M. A. G., & Racca, A. (2019). Relationship of Knowledge on Healthy Lifestyle to Dietary Practices and Physical Activity as Moderated by Age. Abstract Proceedings International Scholars Conference, 7(1), 313-326.