Creature or Monster?: A Study of the Four Living Creatures Based on Revelation 4:6-8 from the Perspective of the Seventh-day Adventist Church


  • Melrindro Lukas Asia-Pacific International University


Four Living Creatures , Revelation, God’s Throne


In Revelation 4:6-8, some people have the impression that God's throne is surrounded by monsters. The purpose of this research paper is to re-examine the understanding of the four living creatures according to the Seventh-day Adventist view in order to provide clarity. Revelation 4:6-8 refers to the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. In the Adventist view, the four living creatures are closely related to the identity of the twenty-four elders. However, different scholars have different views on the particular verse. In the modern view of the Adventist church, these creatures make no mention of them being metaphorical, they are genuine, physical entities. They are angels, according to Ranko Stefanovic, exalted angels of God who serve God and are guardians of His throne. The four living creatures are an elevated order of angelic beings known as cherubim or seraphim. The song of these "living ones" is the song of angels, according to William Hendriksen and Ranko Stefanovic in Isaiah 6:1-3. In the traditional view of the four living creatures, it presents some contradicting ideas. The modern view shows that there is a need to study other verse that is parallel to Revelation 4:6-8. It was revealed that the living creatures are an angelic being.

Keywords: Four Living Creatures, Revelation, God’s Throne

Article Metrics


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How to Cite

Lukas, M. (2024). Creature or Monster?: A Study of the Four Living Creatures Based on Revelation 4:6-8 from the Perspective of the Seventh-day Adventist Church . Jurnal Koinonia: Fakultas Filsafat Universitas Advent Indonesia, 16(1), 11-19.



Biblical Studies