The Effectiveness Of K-W-L Technique To Increase Students’ Reading Comprehension Achievement Through Reading Descriptive Text For Grade 8 of SMP Negeri 1 Cisarua

Nelson Balisar Panjaitan, Radema Situmorang


The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is a significant difference in reading comprehension achievement between those who are taught using the K-W-L (Know-Want to know-Learn) technique and those who are taught using the Conventional technique. In this study, the researcher used quantitative research. The participants of this study were students at SMP Negeri 1 Cisarua, Bandung. This study was conducted in ten meetings. This research was conducted in four steps: Pilot test, Pre-test, treatment (K-W-L technique) and post-test. After analyzing the data from the result of pre-test and post-test score it showed that there is significant difference in reading comprehension between those who are taught using K-W-L technique and those who are taught using conventional technique. Therefore, it can be concluded that the K-W-L technique as a teaching material has a positive impact in reading comprehension achievement.

Key Word: K-W-L technique, Effectiveness, and Reading Comprehension.


Ahmad, I. S. & Asraf, R. M (2004). Making sense of text: Strategies used by good and average readers. Reading Matrix, 26-37.

Akyol, H. (2006). Türkçe öğretim yöntemleri.[Turkish teaching methods].

Ankara: KökPublication. From:

Arikunto, S (2009). Dasar- Dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan. Jakarta: Bumi,Aksara.

Arikunto S.(2013) Dasar-dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan. Bumi Aksara. Jakarta.

Bader, C. (2007). KWL plus reading strategy. Retrieved on November 16, 2013

from http://hercules.gcsu. edu/~cbader/5210SPED/kwl.htm.

Bailey, D. W. (2002). KWL-plus. Unpublished manuscript, Johns Hopkins University, School of Professional Studies in Business and Education, Baltimore.

Backman,Leslie Opp &Klinglammer, Sarah (2006) Shaping The Way We Teach.

The office of English Language Programs: United States Department of

state, Washington, Dc20547, 2006. E-

Bos, C. S. & Vaughn, S. (2002). Strategies for Teaching Students with Learning

and Behavior Problems. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Brantmeier, C. (2002). Second language reading strategies research at the secondary and university levels: Variations, disparities and generalizability. Reading Matrix, 1-14. Retrieved on November 14, 2013, from:

Brown, H.D. (2001). Teaching by Principles: an Interactive Approach to

Language Pedagogy (2th ed). England: Longman.

Carr, E. & Ogle, D. (1987). KWL Plus: A strategy for comprehension and

summarization. Journal Reading, 30(7), 626-631.

Conner, Jennifer (2006) Advanced study of the Teaching of Secondary school

Reading . Instructional reading strateg . http : www . Indiana . edu - 1517 KWL. Htm.

Djuharie, O.S. (2010). Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA/MA. Bandung:CV. YRAMA


Fraenkel, J.R. & Wallen, N.E. (2006).How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education 6th ed. McGraw-Hill: New York: NY.

Gerot, Linda and Peter Wignell (1995). Making Sense of Functional Grammar

Sydney: Antipodean educational Enterprise.

Grabe, William and Stoller (2002) Fredericka L. Teaching and Researching

Reading. London: Pearson Education Longman.

Jones , Raymondc . (2007) strategies for Reading Comprehension.

htti www . reading quest . org strxat kwl.html.

Katemba, C. (2013). Anxiety Level of Indonesian Students and Its Relationship

To Academic Achievement In English. Journal of Education and Practice

Vol.4 No.27 , 2013

Katemba, C. & Samuel (2017). Improving Student’s Reading Comprehension

Ability Using Jigsaw 1 Technique. Acuity: Journal of English Language

Pedagogy, Literature and Culture. Vol. 2, No. 2 Universitas Advent


Nehemiah, (2011). Role of English as a Tool for Communication in Tamil

Society. Retrieved on October 11, 2013 from

Ogle, D. (1986). KWL: A teaching model that develops active reading in

expository text. The Reading Instructor, 39(6), 564-570.

Oxford, R.& Crookall, D.(1989). Research on language learning strategies: Methods, findings, and instructional issues. Modern Language Journal, 73, 404-419.

Pardo, L. S. (2004). What every teacher needs to know about comprehension. The Reading Teacher, 58(3) 272-281.

Philip, A. (2010). The effectiveness of kwl (know, want to learn, learned) in

teaching of reading viewed from students’ English learning interest

(an experimental research in the ninth grade students of SMP negeri 8 Probolinggo academic year 2009-2010) (Unpublished thesis). English Education Department Sebelas Maret University of Surakarta, Surakarta.

Russeffendi ET., (1998) Statistika Dasar untuk PENELITIAN Pendidikan,

Bandung, IKIP 19539-9. Sa

Russeffendi ET., (2010). Dasar-dasar Penelitian Pendidikan & Bidang Non-

Eksakta Lainnya. Tarsito: Bandung.

Sasson, D. (2008). Use K-W-L Technique in Reading Lessons. Retrieved on November 8, 2013 from: for- teaching-reading-a60272.

Sasson, D. (2007). How to teach Reading Strategies. Retrieved on October 8,

, from http://www.suite strategiesa17034.

Sinurat, V. M. (2011). Pengaruh pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD (Student

Teams Achievement Division) terhadap peningkatan kemampuan bahasa

garis singgung lingkaran. Skripsi Bandung: UNAI

Steven (2009), teaching reading comprehension. Retrieved on November 20,


Sudarwati, T.M & Grace, E. (2007). Look Ahead: An English Course for Senior

High School Students Year XI. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sudarwati and Eudia Grace. Look Ahead 2. 2005. Penerbit Erlangga. Jakarta.

Sugiono, Dr (2010). Metode penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D, penerbit Alfabeta.

Sopiyudin, D. (2009). Statistik Untuk Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan. Jakarta :

Salemba Medika.

Surapranata, Sumarna. 2009. Analisis, Validitas, Reliabilitas, Dan Interpretasi

Hasil Tes. Cetakan keempat. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya Offset.

Uyanto, S. S. (2009). Pedoman Analysis Data dengan SPSS. Yogyakarta: Graha


Vacca, R.T & Vacca, J.A.L. (2008). Content Area Reading (Ninth Edition):

Literacy and Learning across the Curriculum. New York: Pearson

Education, Inc.

Yeselson, (2000). Common Reading Comprehension Problems and Basic

Exercise. Retrieved on October 8, 2013.


Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.