Developing Teaching Guidelines and Learning Module of Speaking for General Communication: Students’ Perception and Needs


  • Lilis Suryani IKIP Siliwangi
  • Dewi Listia Apriliyanti IKIP Siliwangi
  • Fauziah Nur Rohmat IKIP Siliwangi


Online learning, Speaking, Perception, Needs


Covid-19 is still spreading all over the world, including Indonesia and it has a big impact on the education sector. Online learning is a way to reduce the spread of the covid-19 outbreak. Educators and students, whether ready or not, have to do online learning because to avoid the spread of this pandemic. Therefore, this research would like to know students’ perception and needs toward speaking for general communication. This study is conducted using a survey method based on Kirkpatricks’ Model. The survey accumulated and investigated learners' perception of speaking for general communication course after they learned and practiced it in the online lecturing class. The respondents of the survey were selected using the purposive sampling method. the subject of this study was 165 students of a first semester, the English Language Study Program at IKIP Siliwangi Bandung, who was taking a speaking for a general communication course. Based on the result, most of the students had positive perceptions and they could improve their speaking skills after the teaching session. In fact, there are three things that are not really appropriate with the students’ needs, they are handout/teaching materials, technological confidence, and topics of materials. Therefore, further research is needed to develop the module/handout based on students’ needs.

Article Metrics


Download data is not yet available.


Andersson, A. (2008). Seven major challenges for e-learning in developing countries: Case study. Sri Lanka International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 4 (3), 45-62.

Apriliyanti, D. L. (2018). English Teachers' Competences on PLPG (An Evaluative Study Based on Kirkpatricks' Model). Jakarta: Master's thesis, Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah Dan Keguruan UIN Syarif Hidayatullah.

Apriliyanti, D. L. (2020). Enhancing Teachers’ Competencies through Professional Development Program: Challenges and Benefactions. Acuity: Journal of English Language Pedagogy, Literature and Culture, 5(1), 28-38.

Bailey, K. M. (2003). Practical English language teaching. In Speaking (pp. 47-66).

Bakar, N. A., Latiff, H., & Hamat, A. (2013). Enhancing ESL learners speaking skills through asynchronous online discussion forum. Asian Social Science, 224.

Burns, A., & Siegel, J. (2018). Teaching the four language skills: Themes and issues. International Perspectives on Teaching the Four Skills in ELT, 1-17.

Chou, P. T. (2010). Advantages and disadvantages of ESL course books. The Internet TESL Journal, 16 (11).

Condie, R., & Livingston, K. (2007). Blending online learning with traditional approaches: changing practices. British Journal of Educational Technology, 38 (2), 337-348.

Howard, J., & Major, J. (2004). Guidelines for designing effective English language teaching materials. The TESOLANZ Journal, 12 (10), 50-58.

Hutabarat, A., & Simanjuntak, D. C. (2019). A Phenomenological Study: Speaking Anxiety Overwhelms English Learners. Acuity: Journal of English Language Pedagogy, Literature and Culture, 4(1), 44-58.

Inayah, R., & Lisdawati, I. (2017). Exploring Students’ Difficulties in Speaking English and Their Attitude In Speaking English. Acuity: Journal of English Language Pedagogy, Literature and Culture, 2(1), 12-23.

Kapasia, N., Paul, P., Roy, A., Saha, J., Zaveri, A., Mallick, R., & Chouhan, P. (2020). Impact of lockdown on learning status of undergraduate and postgraduate students during COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India. Children and Youth Services Review, 105194.

Katemba, C. V. (2020). Teachers’ Perceptions in Implementing Technologies In Language Teaching and Learning in Indonesia. Acuity: Journal of English Language Pedagogy, Literature, and Culture, 5(2), 123-136.

Keengwe, J., & Kidd, T. T. (2010). Towards best practices in online learning and teaching in higher education. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 6(2), 533-541.

Lamatokan, A. (2018). Students' perception toward teachers' teaching style and the use of learning strategies in teachig English. Eralingua: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra, 2 (2).

OECD. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 on Education: Insight from Education at a Glance 2020. Retrieved from

Richards, J. C. (2005). Communicative Language Teaching Today. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre.

Saito, K. (2017). Effects of sound, vocabulary, and grammar learning aptitude on adult second language speech attainment in foreign language classrooms. Language Learning, 67(3), 665-693.

Sarvestani, Mohammadi, Afshin, & Raeshy. (2019). Students’ Experiences of E-Learning Challenges: a Phenomenological Study. Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences, 10 (2), 1-10.

Stem, J. (2019). Introduction to Online Teaching and Learning. Retrieved from

Thornbury, S. (2012). Speaking instruction. In J. Richards, & A. Burns, The Cambridge guide to pedagogy and practice in second language teaching (pp. 198-206). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Tobing, J. H. L. (2016). School Leadership, Culture, Strategy And Teacher’s Working Performance. Journal of International Scholars Conference - Education/Social Sciences, 1(2), 119-134. Retrieved from

Trisnendri Syahrizal, I. L. (2017). Students’ Perception in applying lesson Study in Teaching Introduction to Linguistics. Acuity: Journal of English Language Pedagogy, Literature, and Culture, 2(2), 69-81.

UN. (2020). The Future of Education is Here. Retrieved from United Nation:

Woodrow, L. (2006). Anxiety and speaking English as a second language. RELC.

Yulia, H. (2020). Online Learning to Prevent the Spread of Pandemic Corona Virus in Indonesia. . ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal), 11(1).




How to Cite

L. . Suryani, D. L. Apriliyanti, and F. N. . Rohmat, “Developing Teaching Guidelines and Learning Module of Speaking for General Communication: Students’ Perception and Needs”, JELPEDLIC, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 84-95, Mar. 2021.