Nurses’ Perception of Spiritual Care Practices Among Hospitalized Patients: A Basis for a Program
AbstractThroughout hospitalization, patients place emphasis on health professionals to meet theirspiritual and emotional needs. Since 1998, the National Inpatient Priority Index rankedemotional and spiritual needs as the patient's second priority. With evidence that shows theimportance of spirituality in patient’s health, nurses have a pivotal role in providing spiritualcare. The purpose of this study was to examine the perception of nurses of spiritual care practiceamong hospitalized patients. The study used a descriptive research design to examine nurses’perception of spiritual care practices among hospitalized patients. The study was conductedamong registered nurses (RN) working in Ghana. Convenient sampling technique was used toselect 180 registered nurses. The study adopted and modified Nurse Spiritual Care TherapeuticScale developed by Mamier and Taylor (2015). The results showed that the respondent’spractices in terms of spiritual assessment were scaled as sometimes (M=3.12, SD=0.85). Therespondent’s practices in terms of spiritual support were scaled as sometimes (M=2.62,SD=0.88). The respondent’s practices in terms of spiritual communication were scaled as often(M=3.55, SD=0.69). In examining the nurses' overall spiritual care practice, it was noted thatthe respondent’s practices in terms of spiritual care were scaled at sometimes (M=3.12,SD=0.707). It can be concluded that spiritual care in terms of spiritual assessment and spiritualsupport was inadequate. Nurses provided adequate spiritual communication with the patientsby actively listening to the patient’s illness story. A program under the theme “Caring beyondthe Physical” was developed to address the problem of spiritual care among nurses. It isrecommended for administrators and clinical nursing educators to utilize this research andprogram in providing ongoing training for nurses in providing spiritual care. Secondly, furtherstudies are recommended to be done to examine whether the personal profile has a significantdifference in the use of spiritual care.
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