The Comparison Between START and TAI Models in Improving SMP Students' ReadingComprehension Ability



Reading comprehension ability, Narrative Text, Descriptive Text, START, T-A-I, Teaching Model.


This study was aimed to see whether there was a significant difference in students' improvements in reading comprehension ability after applying START (Students and teacher Actively Reading Text) and T-A-I (Team Assisted Individualization) models. This study used a quantitative research method and comparative design. The participants of the study were 63 students that were divided into two groups. Class VIIB students were taught through the START model and VIIC students were taught through the T-A-I model. The conclusion is: There was an improvement in the reading comprehension ability of students who were taught using START, categorized as moderate and T-A-I cooperative learning models, categorized as low. Moreover, there is a difference in the students reading comprehension improvement between those who acquired START and T-A-I teaching models.

Keywords: Reading comprehension ability, Narrative Text, Descriptive Text, START, T-A-I, Teaching Model.

Article Metrics


Download data is not yet available.



Anderson, R. C., Hiebert, E. H., Scott, J. A., & Wilkinson, I. A., (1985). Becoming a nation of readers: The report of the Commission on Reading. National Academy of Education.

Arikunto, S. (2009). Dasar-dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan Jakarta: Bumi, Aksara JNM.

Barkley, Elizabert E., Cross, K. Patricia & Major, Clair Howell. (2012). Collaborative Learning

Techniques: Teknik-teknik Pembelajaran Kolaboratif. Penerjemah: Narulita Yusron. Bandung: Penerbit Nusa Media.

Horowitz, M. (2014). Reading Comprehension Assisting Children with Learning Difficulties. London: Springer Science.

Jolliffe, Wendy. (2007). Cooperative Learning in the Classroom. London: A SAGE-Publications Company.

Moreillon, J. (2007). Collaborative Strategies for Teaching Reading Comprehension: Maximizing Your Impact. American Library Association.

Pardo, Laura S (2004). “What Every Teacher Needs to Know About Comprehension” in The Reading Teacher.

Sadikin. (2008). Reading Comprehension Generic Text Structure. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Sihotang (2015). The Effectiveness of Team Assisted Individualization Model to Enhance Students’ Reading Comprehension in Eleventh Grade Students.


Anita Williams Woolley, et al. 2010.Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups. DOI: New York Avenue NW, Washington, DC.

Dimyati & Mudjiono. 2004. Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Jakarta : Proyek Pembinaan dan Peningkatan Mutu Kependidikan, Dirjen Dikti Depdikbud.

Henderson, Shannon C.; Buskist, Connie (2011). Promoting the Comprehension of Teachers and Students Using Young Adult Literature Theory into Practice, Vol. 50(3).

Katemba, C.V. (2013), Anxiety Level of Indonesian Students and Its Relationship To Academic Achievement In English. Journal of Education and Practice Vol.4 No.27 pp. 1-9. Retrieved from

Odwan, A. (2012). The Effect Directed Reading Thinking Activity through Cooperative Learning on English Secondary Stage Students’ Reading Comprehension in Jordan. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(2).

Paris, A. H., & Paris, S. G. (2007). Teaching Narrative Comprehension Strategies for the first Grader. Cognition and Instruction, 25(1), 1-44.

Polat. M, et al. (2011). The Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning on the Reading Skills in Turkish as a Foreigner Language. The Turkish Online Journal of Education Technology.

Pressley, M., & Afflerbach, P. (1995). Verbal protocols of reading: The nature of constructively responsive reading. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Rahmasari, G. (2014). Korelasi penggunaan bahasa inggris dalam penamaan factory outlet (fo) di bandung terhadap keputusan pembelian. Journal: universitas BSI.

Reuzzel, D.R., Smith, J. & Fawson, P (2005). An Evaluation of Two Approaches for Teaching Reading Comprehension Strategies in Primary Years Using Science Information Texts. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 20(3):276-305.

Scarlach, Tabatha Dobson (2008). START Comprehending: Students and Teachers Actively Reading Text. Journal: International Reading Association.

Siagian, S., W., & Katemba, C., V., (2016). Comparative Study Between Think Aloud and Visual Imagery in Enhancing Students’ Reading Comprehension. Acuity Journal of English Language Pedagogy, Literature and Culture Vol1 no.1 2016. Retrieved from:

Slavin, Robert E.2008, Cooperative Learning Theory, Research, and Practice, Bandung: Nusa Medis.

Suyitno, Amin.2007, Pemilihan Model-Model Pembelajaran dan Penerapannya.


PEATC (2002). Reading: What the Experts Say the Lowdown on the National Reading Panel.


Abidin, Z. (2013). Effect of Cooperative Learning on Secondary School Students Mathematics Achievement. Creative Education, 4(2), 98-100.


How to Cite

T. Sihombing and C. V. Katemba, “The Comparison Between START and TAI Models in Improving SMP Students’ ReadingComprehension Ability”, JELPEDLIC, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 32-43, Feb. 2019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 > >>